September 25, 2023


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Intro to Mitosis: The universal reactive transformer

Mitosis.js is a compiler tool that consumes a common element syntax and outputs framework-certain code. That usually means you can generate software operation once and crank out it to React, Svelte, or Angular, among the some others. What distinguishes Mitosis from other compile-time frameworks is its “write the moment, run any place” tactic to compilation. Mitosis is an impressive engineering feat, and it has programs any where you need to abstract entrance-finish frameworks into pluggable components. 

The hidden gain of Mitosis is its revelation of the popular aspects and unity in entrance-close JavaScript frameworks. This is a new design that could produce surprising insights and new directions for long run JavaScript growth.

What is Mitosis.js?

Mitosis is a job from the people at, who also created envelope-stretching assignments like the Qwik.js framework and Partytown. Builder is by itself a good instance of the sort of software that advantages from Mitosis. In short, Builder makes it possible for you to visually design and style UI layouts across different fundamental framework implementations. It demands a popular language to procedure and output all those diverse frameworks, and that language is Mitosis.

As of this producing, Mitosis supports the following entrance-finish JavaScript frameworks:

Mitosis also supports outputting to straight HTML and has Qwik.js on the roadmap. Also, Mitosis is the translation bridge that Builder makes use of among 3rd-bash design and style resource Figma. That is to say, the abstraction layer is beneficial in having design output and transforming it into the ideal focus on framework.

Mitosis is syntactically a subset of JSX, or JavaScript XML. This helps make feeling for a pair of factors. JSX is the syntax in Respond, the most frequent and influential JavaScript framework. Also, at the conclusion of the working day, JSX is a rather fantastic distillation of the elements of a reactive UI descriptor. Specifically, Mitosis works by using a JSX variant inspired by the a single utilised in Good.js.

Listing 1 is a very simple instance that shows off a handful of conventions of Mitosis’s JSX variant.

Listing 1. Standard list output in Mitosis (TypeScript)

import  useStore  from ''

form Props = 
  writer: string

export default functionality SongList(props: Props) 
  const condition = useStore(
    tracks: [
       title: "Strawberry Fields", writer: "John Lennon" ,
       title: "Penny Lane", writer: "Paul McCartney" ,
       title: "Dark Horse", writer: "George Harrison" ,
       title: "It don't come Easy", writer: "Ringo Starr" 
  return (
(song, index) =>

Listing 1 can take a checklist of objects (tunes) and outputs a property from each and every one particular (track.title). There are few items to be aware in this sample. 1st, the file exports a default perform. Therefore, it is defining a useful element. Mitosis will transform this part to the right framework for its target framework. 

Subsequent, take note that the component utilizes a hook, useStore. This hook is effective analogously to the 1 identified in Respond. The code then takes advantage of the condition to iterate above the songs with a part. Iterating more than collections is a person of those parts of variety in frameworks and the part gives a uncomplicated, unified way to express it.

Also, observe the normal managing of part homes, through the props argument to the perform (with its attendant TypeScript variety definition of Props).

Run the compiler

To set this part by the Mitosis compiler (or, strictly talking, transpiler), we can established up a basic Node Package Manager (NPM) challenge. To begin, initiate a venture (npm init), then install the Mitosis libraries by getting into

npm put in

The Mitosis compiler will routinely find the files we want to compile based mostly on a mitosis.config.js file. We’ll use the straightforward just one demonstrated in Listing 2.

Listing 2. Mitosis.config.js

module.exports = 
  files: 'src/**',
  targets: ['vue3', 'solid', 'svelte', 'react', 'angular'],

Listing 2 tells in which the resources are to be discovered (src/**) and what output frameworks to use.

Our component is in TypeScript, so we’ll require a easy tsconfig.json file, as nicely:

Listing 3. tsconfig.js

    "jsx": "maintain",
    "jsxImportSource": ""

Listing 3 tells the TypeScript command-line interface (tsc-cli) how to deal with the JSX it encounters. In this scenario, it leaves the syntax as-is (maintain) and defines the module to use for import ( See the JSX overview and code sample in the TypeScript documentation for aspects.

Mitosis with React

Now we’re all set to get some output. Run npm exec mitosis make. This will fall documents into the output/ directory, one department for each and every concentrate on framework. Let’s choose a peek at the /output/respond/src/elements/Music.jsx variation, which will glance some thing like Listing 4.

Listing 4. Respond version of Tunes.jsx

import * as React from "respond"
import  useState  from "respond"
operate SongList(props) 
  const [songs, setSongs] = useState(() => [
      title: "Strawberry Fields",  writer: "John Lennon"
      title: "Penny Lane",  writer: "Paul McCartney"
      title: "Dark Horse",  writer: "George Harrison"
      title: "It don't come Easy",  writer: "Ringo Starr"
  return /* @__PURE__ */ Respond.createElement("div", null, tracks == null ? void  :, index) => /* @__PURE__ */ React.createElement("div", null, music.title)))

  SongList as default

So, we can see that Mitosis has switched to employing the React implementation of useState and has opted for working with Respond.createElement to outline the div and to iterate over the assortment. It exports the component as a default module. This appears to be like like valid React so significantly, but let’s test it. 

We can go to a further listing and spin up a make-react-application real rapid (see the Create React Application web site for details), then go to the new listing that has just been made. In the /src listing, we’ll duplicate in excess of the output/respond/src/parts/Tracks.jsx file from our Mitosis undertaking. We open up Application.jsx and import the new component by incorporating import “./Music.jsx” as Songs, then go into the template markup and use the component somewhere with

Now, we can run the application with npm get started. Check the output at localhost:3000 and you are going to see the list of track names on the page.

Good. Now we know that Mitosis is functioning with React. In a real-planet circumstance, we could commonly create a pipeline to include Mitosis to our construct course of action. 

Mitosis with Svelte

Let us use a rapid shortcut to see how Mitosis will work with Svelte. Copy the contents of /output/svelte/src/components/Tracks.svelte (noticing that Mitosis has presented the appropriate extension to the file). Go to the Svelte playground and paste the source into the left-hand code panel. After a instant, you will see the tune listing on the right side of the monitor. 

Mitosis is making right Svelte. If you’re curious, Listing 5 demonstrates the idiomatic Svelte iteration for the element.

Listing 5. Music iterator in Svelte

#each and every tunes as track, index
/each and every And Vue, Angular, SolidJS

You can consider comparable ways to verify the correctness of each individual of the other output targets. 

Configuration and plugins

Mitosis is supposed to be very flexible. In particular, the Mitosis playground demonstrates the skill to transform a configuration to pick out not only unique frameworks but distinctive properties inside of them. For occasion, you can decide a condition service provider in Respond, deciding on between useState, Mobx, and Solid. You also can select different styling alternatives, like Emotion CSS, Styled Components, and Styled JSX.

Mitosis also supports the capability to outline plugins that run arbitrary code at strategic times, like right before and soon after the fundamental JSON data composition is produced.

Consuming framework code

You could possibly question if it is possible to flip Mitosis’s functionality from generating to consuming framework code. As an case in point, could we choose a UI defined in a framework implementation and parse it into the Mitosis JSON design? That would not only allow us two-directionally translate in between Mitosis and a framework but in fact translate concerning various frameworks via the Mitosis design. 

I asked’s founder, Steve Sewell whether or not Mitosis could realize framework code. This is what he explained:

[Framework parsing] is undoubtedly the biggest request we get. Proper now most frameworks are a little bit too freeform (not enough constraints) to do this reliably. That said Svelte is the greatest applicant for that, which is actively remaining labored on, we get in touch with it sveltosis.


Mitosis is at present still in beta. That becoming explained, it has additional than 6,000 stars on GitHub and is in active use at Perhaps the most fascinating factor about Mitosis is that it describes a reactive person interface as JSON. It signifies declaratively in information the sophisticated performance at the coronary heart of front-close frameworks, which supplies a foundation for creating a common product of entrance-conclude improvement frameworks. Mitosis’s cross-framework tactic to JavaScript compilation factors to the likelihood of meta frameworks and platforms that developers could use to compose purposes at a greater degree of abstraction.

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